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# Long multiplication

If a positional numeral system is used, a natural way of multiplying numbers is taught in schools as long multiplication, sometimes called grade-school multiplication:

```Multiply the multiplicand by each digit of the multiplier and then add up all the properly shifted results.
```

It requires memorization of the multiplication table for single digits.

This is the usual algorithm for multiplying by hand in base 10. Computers normally use a very similar 'shift and add' algorithm in base 2. Prime95 does not use this form of multiplication for large numbers, using FFT's is much faster. A person doing long multiplication on paper will write down all the products and then add them together; an abacus user will sum the products as soon as each one is computed.

## Example

This example uses long multiplication to multiply 23,958,233 (multiplicand) by 5,830 (multiplier) and arrives at 139,676,498,390 for the result (product).

```        23958233
×         5830
———————————————
00000000 ( =      23,958,233 ×     0)
71874699  ( =      23,958,233 ×    30)
191665864   ( =      23,958,233 ×   800)
+ 119791165    ( =      23,958,233 × 5,000)
———————————————
139676498390 ( = 139,676,498,390        )
```